July 28, 2020 | By Babe Liberman
Education research is too often based on gaps in published research or the niche interests of researchers, rather than the priority challenges faced by schools and districts. As a result, the education studies that researchers design and publish are often not applicable to schools’ most pressing needs.
Additionally, though students at the margins—including Black and Latinx students, students experiencing poverty or trauma, students with learning differences, and English learners—often have very different experiences in schools than their white, middle class, and native English-speaking peers, the needs of students who could benefit most from new innovations rarely drive education research and development (R&D).
To spur future research to address the specific equity goals of schools and districts, Digital Promise set out to define and test Equity in the Driver’s Seat, a collaborative process for developing practice-driven, equity-centered R&D agendas. Our process centered on convening a range of education stakeholders to listen to and prioritize the equity-related challenges that on-the-ground staff are facing, while considering prominent gaps in existing research and solutions.
We selected two challenge topics around which to pilot this approach and create sample agendas (adolescent literacy and computational thinking), then identified teams from four League of Innovative Schools districts (Fox Chapel Area School District, Indian Prairie School District, Iowa City Community School District, and Talladega County Schools) to partner with us.
Organizing and facilitating this convening involved eight key steps, which we introduce below:
By inviting teachers to participate alongside researchers, funders, and other traditional decision makers, we strove to break down assumptions about what kinds of expertise count and elevated diverse perspectives, including the on-the-ground experience of individuals who work closely with students.
We equipped participants to take part in discussions across research and practice by providing accessible pre-reading materials about the district teams’ specific equity challenges and about relevant field research on the challenge topics.
In order to create common language and build trust and openness, participants each shared their commitment equity with the full group. They also engaged with keynote addresses from dedicated educators who champion equity in their work with students.
We began the discussion by digging into district teams’ specific equity challenges, rather than starting from a research perspective. Understanding the challenges in context was critical for developing relevant and usable R&D agendas.
Participants then considered how knowledge from the research literature could help address the district teams’ specific challenges. Rather than starting from the perspective of key findings in the literature, this discussion was centered on the research most relevant for educators addressing these focus challenges.
To coalesce the group’s understanding about gaps in knowledge to begin collaboratively defining an agenda for future research questions and development priorities, we drew from the experience of district teams and others who have worked on the topics in a range of settings.
It was important for participants to actively explore their convening experience to determine how it differed from the traditional research agenda setting approach, consider practice-driven and equity-centered indicators, and share ideas to improve the process.
Finally, we collaborated to synthesize session and reflection notes, integrating a range of ideas to reflect the nuance and diverse perspectives that took part in the discussions, into relevant and actionable sample R&D agendas for each challenge topic.
The R&D agendas that resulted from the convening are meant to spur research and interventions that support teachers to improve literacy, writing, and CT instruction, especially for the most traditionally underserved students. Many of the research questions shaped by the challenges districts presented are very specific and context-based. Therefore, convening participants generated an agenda, not the agenda for each challenge topic.
Another feature that distinguishes these agendas from traditional research agendas is the inclusion of development priorities. Convening participants emphasized how important it is for educators to have access to tools and resources to leverage and apply research findings. Without workable solutions to try, many practitioners find it difficult or impossible to pull out strategies or interventions from the research to address their specific problems of practice. By featuring the need for tools and resources alongside research questions, these agendas are clearly practice-driven.
The Equity in the Driver’s Seat convening yielded useful protocols for centering practice in generating R&D questions and underscored the effort and intentionality required to maintain a focus on equity throughout the conversation. Through ongoing work, including Inclusive Innovation projects, we will continue to learn about how to spotlight equity in identifying questions to research, creating development criteria, defining outcomes that matter to marginalized communities, and understanding implementation factors that shape inclusion.
Check out the full report for more details about our process, the sample agendas, and key learnings.